List Of Shortest Residency Programs in 2020

List Of Shortest Residency Programs in 2020:

Medical Residency or postgraduate training is another stage in the medical education taken by qualified physicians, dentists, optometrists, pharmacists, etc, usually in a hospital or clinic under the supervision of a senior registered physician or consultant.

Students require this training to be able to get a license to practice medicine. Students are called residents, house officers, trainees, interns depending on your location.

Shortest Medical Residency Programs

The basic ranking factor for these programs is duration. By this we mean, the length of study time you need to complete the program.

Without much ado, here are the top 15 shortest medical residency programs in the world of medicine.

  • Family Practice: 3 years
  • Internal Medicine: 3 years
  • Paediatrics: 3 years
  • Emergency Medicine: 3 – 4 years
  • Physical Medicine: 3-4 years
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology: 4 years
  • Anesthesiology: 3 years plus PGY – 1 Transitional / Preliminary
  • Dermatology: 3 years plus PGY -1 Transitional / Preliminary
  • Neurology: 3 years plus PGY -1 Transitional / Preliminary
  • Ophthalmology: 3 years plus PGY -1 Transitional / Preliminary
  • Pathology: 4 years
  • Psychiatry: 4 years
  • General Surgery: 5 years
  • Orthopaedic Surgery: 5 years (includes 1 year of general surgery)
  • Otolaryngology (ENT): 5 years
  • Urology: 5 years (includes 1 year of general surgery)
  • Plastic Surgery: 6 years
  • Neurosurgery: 7 years

If you noticed, we didn’t include the 1-year preliminary medicine internship or transitional year residency. With this you will get licensed as a doctor, however, you will find it difficult to get a job in any hospital or clinic unless you’ve had practical knowledge prior to the training.

Also, we listed more than 15 of the medical residency programs in the world, but, we are going to discuss only 15. Stay with us!

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Family Practice:

Family medicine (FM), formerly family practice (FP), is a medical speciality devoted to comprehensive health care for people of all ages. Some people refer to them as general doctors.

These physicians are trained to prevent, diagnose and treat a wide variety of ailments in patients of all ages.

Family medicine focuses on care within the context of the family. The students receive training in surgery, psychiatry, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, paediatrics, and geriatrics.

Also, they work with other physicians when necessary.

It takes about 3 years to complete. Their Median Academic Salary is $192,000 whereas the Median Clinical Salary is $211,000.

Internal Medicine:

Another of the shortest residency program length is Internal medicine that takes about 3 years.

Internal medicine is a broad area that covers the body’s major organ systems.

A general internist is a physician who provides care in the office and the hospital, managing both common and complex problems in adolescents, adults, and the elderly. They are experts who can diagnose and treat both acute and complex illnesses, promote health and wellness.

They are also trained in the essentials of primary care which involves an understanding of disease prevention, wellness, substance abuse, mental health and effective treatment of common problems of the eyes, ears, skin, nervous system and reproductive organs.

Also, their salary structure;

Median Academic Salary $211,000
Median, Clinical Salary $229,000


Paediatrics is the speciality that is primarily concerned with the physical, emotional, and social health of children from birth to young adulthood.

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Their job involves preventive health as well as the diagnosis and treatment of both acute and chronic diseases.

This shortest medical residency length is for a period of 3 years.

About the salary, Academic Salary is $182,000 while the Clinical Salary is $220,000.

Allergy and Immunology:

This is a specialiation from internal medicine. But with a degree in pediatrics, you can also undergo the training.

However, this residency training program prepares physicians in the delivery of medical care to patients suffering from allergic, asthmatic, and immunologic diseases.

Emergency Medicine:

Many students specialise in this shortest medical residency of 3-4 years.

Here’s an overview;

Emergency medicine focuses on the recognition, evaluation, and care of patients who are acutely ill or injured. It is a high-pressure, fast-paced and diverse specialty that requires a broad base of medical knowledge and a variety of well-honed clinical and technical skills.

Emergency physicians treat all age groups in conditions with varying degrees of severity. Because of this, their training covers areas such as disaster medicine and mass gatherings.

For the salary,

Median, Academic Salary $272,000
Median, Clinical Salary $320,000

Physical Medicine:

Physical medicine and rehabilitation is also referred to as physiatry.

It is about diagnosing, evaluating, and treating patients who do not function properly due to diseases, injuries, impairments, and/or disabilities.

Well, they work to restore the body and mind, in addition, to relieving pain. Physiatrists have special training in therapeutic exercise, prosthetics, orthotics and the use of other durable medical equipment.

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This shortest medical resideny length is 3-4 years.

Median, Academic Salary $226,000
Median, Clinical Salary $252,000

Obstetrics and Gynecology:

This is about medical and surgical care to women.

It combines two specialties: obstetrics, which cares for women before, during, and after childbirth, and gynecology, which involves the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the female reproductive system.

These professionals often serve as consultants to other physicians, but in many cases, they are primary caregivers which means that they attend to patients directly and give counsel.

THe relationship is often maintained through the post-menopause.

This medical residency length is 3-4 years. Salary is,

Academic Salary $274,000
Median, Clinical Salary $309,000


It is a discipline that involves the management of patients who no longer feel pain and stress during surgical, obstetric, and certain other medical procedures.

They actually care for patients through the following a) pain management b) cardiopulmonary resuscitation c) respiratory care problems, and d) the management of critically ill and/or injured patients in special care units.

This shortest residency is for 4 years.

,Academic Salary $353,000
Median, Clinical Salary $426,000


This shortest medical residency treats disorders and diseases of the skin, mucous membrane, hair and nails, and a number of sexually transmitted diseases.

Dermatologists deal with a wide variety of diseases including acne, warts, multiple inflammatory dermatoses, skin cancers, autoimmune diseases, occupational dermatoses, and contact dermatitis.

They treat patients using surgical procedures (e.g., excisions, sclerotherapy, laser surgery, liposuction, hair transplants, and tissue augmentation therapies), prevention of skin diseases and cancers, and treatment of photoaging skin.

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The salary structure for academic Salary is $315,000 and Median Clinical Salary is $450,000.


So many people think this specialty treats only brain diseases. That is not entirely true.

Actually, it treats nervous system disorders in which the brain, spinal cord, nerves, muscles, and blood vessels are among.

Some of the medical problems they see daily are headaches, strokes, and seizures. Most of them are consultants.

This shortest residency length is 4 years. Whereas the Academic Salary is $223,000 and Median Clinical Salary is $268,000.


This field of medicine deals with the structure, function, diagnosis, and treatment of the eye and the visual system. It provides patients with total eye care using medical, surgical, and rehabilitative services.

This shortest residency length is 4 years.

the salary is shown below;

Median, Academic Salary $304,000
Median, Clinical Salary $370,000


This deals with the causes and nature of diseases. Along with radiology, it is diagnostic in nature. It combines clinical training with laboratory expertise. While pathology was considered a research-focused, today it is both purely clinical and investigative.

It takes 4 years of residency.

Median, Academic Salary $258,000
Median, Clinical Salary $363,000


This prevents, treats, and diagnose disorders including mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders, and in the common medical and neurological disorders that relate to the practice of psychiatry.

The duration of the residency is 4 years.

Median, Academic Salary $208,000
Median, Clinical Salary $227,000

General Surgery:

General surgeons are trained to manage diverse diseases and injuries in almost any area of the body which requires surgery.

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These physicians are involved in the diagnosis and pre and post-operation care. They are usually responsible for the comprehensive management of trauma and critical care patients as well.

Although its scope is broad, general surgery usually involves the abdomen, breasts, peripheral vasculature, skin, and neck.

The Median Academic Salary is $358,000 and for Clinical Salary is $383,000.Meanwhile, it takes about 4-5 years to complete.

Orthopedic Surgery:

Orthopedic Surgery is the medical and surgical specialty that includes the study and prevention of musculoskeletal diseases, disorders and injuries and their treatment by medical, surgical and physical methods.

The residency length is 5 years.

Salary is seen below;

Median, Academic Salary $504,000
Median, Clinical Salary $559,000


With the exception of visual and eye-related disorders (treated by ophthalmologists) and lesions of the brain (treated by neurologists and neurological surgeons), otolaryngologists treat diseases and lesions above the shoulders in patients of all ages, including ears, respiratory and upper alimentary systems in the head and neck in general.

In addition to allergy, facial plastic surgeries, they also have an understanding of the communication sciences, endocrinology, and neurology.

It tajkes 5 years to comlete. Salary structure;

Median, Academic Salary $364,000
Median, Clinical Salary $401,000

Which Schools Can you take Medical Residency Programs in?

So many schools of medicine offer residency programs. But, for the sake of this article we will just mention a few.

Students are automatically matched to the residency programs that suit their quifications by AAMC.

It is important you know that these were chosen randomly.

They include but not limted to these;

Good luck in your career!


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