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Can Rabbits Eat Lemons?

Have you ever wondered if rabbits can eat lemons?

The lemon is a citrus fruit that is botanically classified as Citrus limon. It is round or oval in shape and typically has bright yellow or pale yellow skin. Lemons are known for their tangy and sour taste.

In this article, we will let you know if rabbits should eat lemons. We’ll also discuss the risks, some best alternatives, and much more.

Can Rabbits Eat Lemons?

Rabbits should not eat lemons.

Although lemon is non-toxic, you should note that they are not ideal for rabbits as rabbit diets should consist mainly of hay, some veggies, and a few less sugaring fruits.

Lemons are highly acidic and can cause adverse effects if fed in large quantities or regularly.

Nutrition Facts Of Lemons

A lemon of about 2 1/8” in diameter (58g) without the outer skin contains 17 calories, 0.6g of protein, 5.4g of carbs, and 0.2g of fat. (USDA FoodData Central)

Nutrient Amount
Calories 17
Fat 0.2g
Sodium 1mg
Carbohydrates 5.4g
Fiber 1.6g
Sugars 1.5g
Protein 0.6g
Vitamin C 30.7mg
Potassium 80mg

Risks of Feeding Lemons to Rabbits

As said earlier, while lemons are not toxic to rabbits, they are not naturally suitable food.

Their high acidity and sugar content can pose several risks to your rabbit’s health if ingested in large quantities or regularly.

Here are the potential risks of feeding lemons to rabbits:

1. Toxicity of Citric Acid

Lemons are citrus fruits, which means they contain high levels of citric acid. While citric acid is not directly toxic to rabbits, it can cause several issues due to its high acidity.

Rabbit stomachs are not designed to handle such acidity regularly.

Feeding your rabbit lemons can lead to a condition called acidosis, which is when the body fluids contain too much acid.

It occurs when the stomach produces too much gastric acid or the kidneys aren’t removing enough acid from the body.

This can lead to discomfort and lethargy and, in severe cases, negatively affect the rabbit’s metabolic processes.

2. Digestive Problems

Rabbits have a sensitive and complex digestive system that requires a specific diet, mainly hay.

The fiber in hay aids in their digestive process, ensuring a healthy gut movement.

Conversely, Lemons are not high in fiber but are high in sugars, which can disrupt the balance of gut bacteria.

Overconsumption of lemons can cause stomach upset, resulting in symptoms like diarrhea or softer feces, which can be a severe issue in rabbits.

If a rabbit’s gut movement slows down due to an imbalance in its diet, it can lead to a potentially fatal condition known as gastrointestinal stasis.

3. Dental Issues

Rabbit’s teeth continuously grow, naturally wearing them down by chewing high-fiber foods like hay.

However, the high acidity in lemons can harm the enamel of a rabbit’s teeth, leading to dental problems over time.

Dental disease is a common problem in rabbits and can lead to loss of appetite, weight loss, and even abscesses if left untreated. The high sugar content in lemons can also contribute to tooth decay.

Also, the soft texture of lemons does not provide the necessary resistance for the natural wearing down process of rabbit teeth, which could contribute to overgrown teeth.

Symptoms Of Adverse Reaction

If your rabbit has eaten lemons, watch out for signs of distress such as diarrhea, loss of appetite, lethargy, or changes in behavior.

If any of these occur, you should seek veterinary care immediately.

Alternative Treats for Rabbits

Plenty of other fruits, herbs, and vegetables are safer and more beneficial for your rabbit’s diet.

Some examples include:

1. Fresh Fruits

1. Apples: Apples are an excellent source of vitamins A and C, crucial for your rabbit’s immune system. They also provide fiber, aiding in digestion.

Remove all seeds before feeding, as they contain cyanide, which can harm rabbits.

2. Pears: Pears, like apples, are fiber-rich and provide vitamins A and C. However, due to their sugar content, they should be offered in moderation.

3. Berries: Strawberriesblueberries, and raspberries are rich in antioxidants, which can help prevent damage to your rabbit’s cells.

Berries also provide a sweet, juicy treat your bunny will love. Again, moderation is vital due to the high sugar content.

2. Fresh Vegetables

4. Bell Peppers: Bell peppers, particularly the red variety, are high in vitamin C and can provide a crunchy, satisfying snack for your rabbit. However, avoid feeding your rabbit the seeds or stem.

5. Carrot Tops: While carrots themselves should be limited due to their high sugar content, their leafy green tops are packed with nutrients like vitamin A, calcium, and iron, making them an excellent snack for bunnies.

6. Spinach: Spinach is packed with vitamins A, C, and K, along with a host of essential minerals. However, due to its high oxalic acid content, it should be fed sparingly and rotated with other leafy greens.

7. Cucumbers: Cucumbers are low in calories and high in water, making them a hydrating snack. They’re also gentle on a rabbit’s sensitive digestive system.

3. Fresh Herbs

8. Parsley: Parsley is an excellent source of vitamins A and C. It’s also a good source of minerals like calcium, potassium, and manganese.

9. Basil: Basil offers vitamins A and K and manganese. It can also add variety to your rabbit’s diet.

10. Cilantro: Also known as coriander, cilantro is rich in vitamins A, C, and K, along with various essential minerals.

Other Treats To Avoid

What fruits rabbit cannot eat?

While many herbs are safe for rabbits, you should avoid some.

Here’s a list of some foods you should never feed your rabbit:

1. Processed Foods

Any processed food, like breadcrackers, chips, cookies, or pasta, should not be fed to rabbits. These foods can cause serious digestive issues and contribute to obesity.

2. Sugary Foods

Rabbits have a sweet tooth, but sugary foods like candy, chocolate, or sweets harm their health. They can cause digestive issues, obesity, and dental problems.

3. Meat and Dairy

Rabbits are herbivores whose digestive systems are not designed to process meat or dairy products. Feeding your rabbit these foods can cause severe and fatal health problems.

4. Nuts and Seeds

Nuts and seeds are high in fats and difficult for rabbits to digest. They can also pose a choking risk, especially for smaller rabbits.

5. Onion and Garlic

Oniongarlic, and other allium vegetables are toxic to rabbits. They can damage red blood cells and cause anemia or other serious health issues.

6. Raw Beans

Raw beans are poisonous to rabbits and can be fatal if ingested. Keep these plants out of your rabbit’s reach.

7. Iceberg Lettuce

Many leafy greens benefit rabbits, but iceberg lettuce should be avoided. It contains lactucarium, which can harm rabbits and cause diarrhea.

See this: What Kind Of Lettuce Can Rabbit Eat?


Here are some frequently asked questions.

Do Rabbits Eat Lemon Peels?

No, rabbits should not eat lemon peels. While they’re not necessarily toxic, the high acidity and the strong citrus oils can upset their stomach and cause digestive issues.

Can Rabbits Eat Lemons Seeds?

No, rabbits should not eat lemon seeds.

They can pose a choking hazard, and like many seeds, they contain small amounts of substances that can be harmful in large quantities.

Can Rabbits Eat Lemons Juice?

No, rabbits should not drink lemon juice. It’s also acidic and can cause stomach upset.

Can Rabbits Eat Lemon Skin?

No, rabbits should not eat lemon skin.

Like the peel, it contains strong citrus oils and is quite acidic, which can cause digestive issues.

Do Rabbits Like Lemon Smell?

In general, rabbits avoid strong smells, including the scent of citrus fruits like lemons.

Some people use citrus peels as a deterrent to keep rabbits away from certain areas or plants.

However, individual rabbits may have different reactions.

Rabbit Eating Citrus Fruit


If you choose to give your bunnies lemons, they should be offered sparingly as a treat due to their high acidity and potential for causing digestive and dental problems.

Always ensure that the primary food source in your rabbit’s diet is hay, supplemented with fresh vegetables, some fruits, and plenty of fresh water.

We hope this article helped you know if rabbits can eat lemons. If you have any questions, comment below, and we will answer them.

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