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Can An Ear Infection Kill a Rabbit?

Does your rabbit have an ear infection, and you are wondering if the ear infection will kill the rabbit?

Ear infection in rabbits is a dangerous infection caused by Pasteurella multocida bacteria and can kill a rabbit if left untreated for an extended period.

In this article, we will let you know if ear infections can kill your rabbit and other issues about rabbits’ ear infections.

Can An Ear Infection Kill A Rabbit?

Yes, an ear infection can kill a rabbit if left untreated for an extended period.

In rabbits, an ear infection is caused by bacteria that can spread from the outer ear tissue to the inner ear, thereby causing ear inflammation to the rabbits’ ear and eventually damaging the rabbit’s delicate and important ear structures.

Suppose the ear infection is left untreated for an extended period. In that case, it can lead to some life-threatening health conditions for the rabbit, such as head tilt, loss of balance, seizure, neurological symptoms, etc.

You should consult a veterinary doctor when you notice any sign or symptom of an ear infection in your rabbits.

Can An Ear Infection Kill A Rabbit

Can Rabbit Recover From Ear Infection?

Yes, rabbits can fully recover from ear infections if properly and promptly treated by a veterinary doctor.

Ear infections in rabbits are treated with antibiotics, removal of any dirt and discharge from the rabbits’ ears, nutritional support, pain management, and fluid therapy.

How Long Does It Take For A Rabbit’s Ear Infection To Go Away?

The severity of the infection, the age of the rabbit, the type of treatment given to the rabbit, etc., are the factors that determine how long it takes for a rabbit’s ear infection to heal.

With prompt and appropriate treatment, a rabbit’s ear infection can heal within a few days to weeks.

On the other hand, chronic rabbits’ ear infections would likely take several weeks to a few months to fully heal.

What Can You Do For A Rabbit With Ear Infection?

You should take your rabbit to a veterinary doctor if you notice any ear infection signs or symptoms.

Take the following measures as soon as you notice that your rabbit has ear infections:

1. Cleaning

Regularly cleaning your rabbit’s ears to remove any debris or discharge would help keep the rabbit’s ear canal clean and reduce the risk of the infection spreading to other parts of the body.

2. Medications

Administering antibiotics or anti-fungal medications as a veterinary doctor prescribes would greatly help cure ear infections.

These antibiotics or anti-fungal medicines can be applied orally topically to the affected area.

Administer the medications to the rabbits according to the prescribed dosage by a veterinary doctor.

3. Pain Relief

If your bunny is exhibiting any sign of pain or discomfort, pain relief medications are always recommended by veterinary doctors to help relieve the rabbit of the pain.

4. Additional Care

Additional care, such as keeping your rabbit’s environment clean and dry, nutritional support, pain management, fluid therapy, reducing stressors that can weaken their immune system, etc., is an effective way of treating a rabbit with an ear infection.

What Antibiotics Treat Ear Infection In Rabbits?

Consult a veterinary doctor to prescribe the best antibiotics for your rabbits’ ear infections.

The rabbit’s age, the rabbit’s weight, the existing health condition of the rabbit, and the severity of the ear infection are some factors that would determine the antibiotics that would be best for treating a particular rabbit.

Enrofloxacin, chloramphenicol, and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid are prevalent antibiotics used to treat ear infections in rabbits.

On the other hand, your veterinarian may also prescribe topical antibiotics or antifungal medications to be applied directly into the ear canal.


Below are some frequently asked questions about rabbits’ ear infections:

Can Rabbit Ear Mite Spread To Dogs?

Yes, rabbit ear mites can spread to dogs.

Ear mites are highly contagious and can easily spread from one animal to another through direct contact or contact with contaminated objects such as bedding, grooming tools, or other shared items.

So, if a rabbit with ear mites comes into contact with a dog, the mites could spread to the dog’s ears.

You should consult a veterinary doctor to properly examine, prescribe or administer appropriate medications to your rabbits as soon as you notice any sign of ear mite infection on your rabbit.

Can Rabbit Ear Mite Spread To Humans?

Yes, rabbit ear mites can spread to humans through direct contact with an infected rabbit.

Rabbits ear mite, also known as Psoroptes cuniculi, is a very contagious infection that can easily spread from one animal to another and even from a rabbit to a human through direct contact.

The rabbit ear mite leads to a health condition known as mange, characterized by skin irritation, severe itching, and redness.

You should take precautionary measures by avoiding close contact with the infected ear of the rabbit and wearing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) such as hand gloves, nose mask, washing your hand with disinfectants, etc, anytime you want to make contact with an infected rabbit.

On the other hand, Otodectes cynotis is a mite commonly found in dogs and cats and can infect humans.

How To Prevent Ear Mites In Rabbits?

Below are some practical ways of preventing ear mites in rabbits:

1. Hygiene

Ensure to always keep your rabbits’ environment clean and free from excess moisture.

Some healthy hygiene practices that help to prevent ear mites in rabbits include regularly cleaning their bedding, litter boxes, etc.

2. Regularly Inspect Your Rabbits’ Ear

Regularly inspect your rabbits’ ears and watch for signs of mites, such as redness, inflammation, or discharge.

If you notice these signs, take your rabbit to the veterinarian for treatment.

3. Avoid Sharing Tools With Infected Rabbits

Desist from sharing cages, grooming tools, or other items with other rabbits that may be infected with ear mites.

4. Balanced Diet

Rabbits’ are natural herbivores; hence, provide your rabbits’ with hay, fresh vegetables, and specially formulated pellets for rabbits.

This balanced diet contains necessary nutrients that help boost the rabbits’ immune system.

5. Use Topical Medication

Administering topical medication that effectively treats ear mites as your veterinary doctor prescribes is an effective way of preventing ear infections in rabbits.

Some topical medications may comprise powders, ear drops, or sprays that effectively combat ear infections in rabbits.


Ear infections are a contagious disease that can kill a rabbit if not treated promptly and adequately.

However, an infected rabbit can fully recover from an ear infection with prompt and adequate medication from a veterinary doctor.

We hope this article helped you know if ear infections can kill your rabbit and other issues about rabbits and ear infections. If you have any questions, please comment below, and we will answer them.


1. Flatt RE, Deyoung DW, Hogle RM. Suppurative otitis media in the rabbit: prevalence, pathology, and microbiology. Lab Anim Sci. 1977 Jun;27(3):343-7. PMID: 875360.

2. Royal Veterinary College, University of London. Rabbit Ear Disease.

3. Gina Vecere (Long Island Bird and Exotics Veterinary Clinic), Shachar Malka (Long Island Bird and Exotics Veterinary Clinic), Natasha Holden, Shuiquan Tang, Janina A. Krumbeck. Comparison of ear canal microbiome in rabbits with and without otitis externa using next generation DNA sequencing.

4. Molly Varga, Textbook of Rabbit Medicine (Second Edition),

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