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Can Rabbits Eat Cheese?

Have you ever wondered if rabbits can eat cheese?

We know it is always tempting to share our snacks with our bunnies, especially if there are sitting there and watching us eat. But is cheese a safe treat for them?

In this article, we will let you know if rabbits can eat cheese, the potential risks, the signs of adverse reactions, and guidelines for a rabbit’s diet.

Can Rabbits Eat Cheese?

No, rabbits should not eat cheese.

Rabbits are herbivores whose natural diet mainly consists of hay, fresh vegetables, and some fruits.

Rabbits can tolerate some variation in their diet, But cheese shouldn’t be one of them.

Cheese is a dairy product high in fat and protein, which can be difficult for rabbits to digest correctly.

Introducing foods not part of their natural diet can disrupt their sensitive digestive system and potentially lead to digestive issues, such as diarrhea or upset stomach.

Also, rabbits have specific dietary requirements for high-fiber foods to maintain proper gut health.

Cheese is low in fiber and doesn’t give rabbits the necessary nutrients for optimal health.

Nutrition Composition Of Cheese

According to USDA FoodData Central, 100-gram (3.5-ounce) servings of common cheeses, which is usually about a 1-inch cube of cheese composed of the following:

Type Calories Carbs Protein Fat Calcium Sodium
feta soft 265 3.9 grams (g) 14.2 g 21.5 g 38% of the recommended daily value (DV) 50% of the DV
mozzarella (part-skim) semisoft 296 4.4 g 23.7 g 20.4 53% of the DV 30% of the DV
Swiss semi-firm 393 1.4 g 27 g 31 g 68% of the DV 8% of the DV
cheddar firm 409 2.4 g 23.3 g 34g 54% of the DV 28% of the DV
Parmesan (grated) hard 420 12.4 g 29.6 g 28 g 68% of the DV 76% of the DV
blue cheese blue-veined 353 2.3 g 21.4 g 28.7 g 41% of the DV 50% of the DV
American pasteurized 368 5.3 g 18 g 30.6 g 67% of the DV 72% of the DV

Risks Of Feeding Cheese To Rabbits

Feeding your rabbit cheese may seem like a harmless indulgence, but it can cause significant health issues for your bunny.

Rabbits have a unique and sensitive digestive system designed for plant-based food, making dairy products like cheese harmful.

Here are some more detailed risks associated with feeding cheese to rabbits:

1. Digestive Problems

Cheese, as a dairy product, contains lactose, a type of sugar found in milk products.

Like many other mammals, Rabbits lose their ability to digest lactose as they grow older.

This is because their bodies do not produce enough lactase, the enzyme that breaks down lactose.

When a rabbit consumes cheese, the lactose can ferment in the gut, leading to digestive problems, including painful gas, bloating, and diarrhea.

It can cause severe gastrointestinal stasis, a potentially life-threatening condition where the gut slows down or stops altogether.

2. Nutritional Imbalance

Rabbits require a diet high in fiber for their digestive systems to function correctly.

Fiber aids in digestion and helps maintain the health of the gut.

Cheese, however, contains little to no fiber.

What it does have in abundance is fat and protein, which rabbits need only in moderate amounts.

Feeding your rabbit cheese could lead to a nutritional imbalance, depriving them of the essential nutrients they need for overall health and well-being.

3. Obesity and Related Health Issues

Cheese is a high-calorie food that is rich in fats.

While rabbits require some fat in their diet, the amount in cheese is far beyond their requirements.

Regular consumption of cheese can lead to weight gain and obesity in rabbits.

Obesity in rabbits is a serious concern as it can lead to various health problems, including heart disease, liver disease, arthritis, and a reduced lifespan.

4. Allergic Reactions

Although rare, some rabbits can have allergic reactions to cheese or other dairy products. These reactions can range from mild skin irritations to severe anaphylactic reactions.

5. Dental Problems

Rabbits’ teeth grow continuously throughout their life, and they naturally grind them down by chewing on high-fiber foods like hay and vegetables.

Cheese, being soft and low in fiber, does not provide this necessary wear, potentially contributing to dental problems.

Signs Of Adverse Reaction To Eating Cheese

If your rabbit has eaten cheese, monitor them closely for signs of an adverse reaction. These can include:

  • Changes in behavior, such as lethargy or reduced activity levels
  • Changes in appetite or water consumption
  • Symptoms of discomfort, such as hunched posture, shaking, or teeth grinding
  • Changes in fecal output, such as diarrhea or smaller, harder droppings
  • Signs of bloating or a distended abdomen

Preventing Accidental Eating of Unsuitable Foods

Store all human food out of their reach to prevent your rabbit from accidentally eating potentially harmful foods.

Also, educate all family members, especially children and visitors, about the rabbit’s dietary needs and restrictions.

Always double-check any new foods you introduce to your rabbit’s diet for safety.

Safe Alternatives

Provide your rabbit with safe treats instead of cheese and other unsuitable foods.

Here are some safe treats:

1. Fresh Vegetables

Rabbits relish fresh vegetables, an excellent source of essential vitamins and minerals. Some veggies that are safe for rabbits include:

  • Bell Peppers: Both red and green bell peppers are a great source of vitamin C for your rabbit. However, make sure to remove the seeds before feeding.
  • Broccoli: This vegetable can be a good treat, but it should be given in moderation due to its potential to cause gas. Include both the heads and the stalks.
  • Carrots: Although rabbits enjoy carrots, contrary to popular belief, they should only be given in small amounts due to their high sugar content. Don’t forget the carrot tops, which are very nutritious and a big hit with most bunnies!
  • Cucumber: This is a hydrating treat for rabbits, especially during warmer months.

You should introduce these vegetables gradually and observe your rabbit for any changes in their stool or behavior.

Personalized care is vital because what suits one rabbit may not suit another.

2. Leafy Greens

Leafy greens should make up a considerable portion of your rabbit’s diet.

They are packed with vitamins and provide the roughage necessary for your bunny’s digestive system.

Some of the best leafy greens for rabbits include:

  • Romaine Lettuce: This is a fantastic source of vitamins and hydration, but steer clear of iceberg lettuce, which can cause digestive problems.
  • Kale: A nutrient-dense vegetable, kale should be fed sparingly due to its high calcium content.
  • Spinach: This leafy green is high in vitamins A, C, and K but should be fed moderately due to its high oxalic acid content.
  • Bok Choy: An excellent green for rabbits, bok choy is a low-calcium option compared to kale or spinach.

3. Fresh Fruits

Fruits are like candy for rabbits but are best limited due to their high sugar content.

Some rabbit-friendly fruits include:

  • Apples: These are a hit with most rabbits. Remember to remove the seeds which contain traces of cyanide.
  • BerriesStrawberriesraspberries, and blueberries are all safe options for your bunny, but due to their high sugar content, they should be offered sparingly.
  • Bananas: Bananas are safe for rabbits but are high in sugar, so feed them in moderation.

4. Herbs

Fresh herbs are a delightful treat for rabbits and can provide various health benefits.

Rabbits can safely eat basilcilantro, dill, mint, and parsley, to name a few.

These herbs are aromatic, appealing to rabbits, and contain several essential nutrients.

Feeding Guidelines for Rabbits

When feeding these treats to your rabbit, follow these general guidelines:

  • Begin with small servings and gradually increase the amount; watch your rabbit’s reaction.
  • Feed various fruits and vegetables to provide a diverse range of nutrients.
  • Offer these foods 2-3 times per week, with leafy greens the most frequent addition to their diet.

Other Foods To Avoid

In addition to cheese, other foods to avoid giving your rabbit include:

1. Chocolate and Caffeine

All forms of chocolate and caffeine are highly harmful to rabbits. These substances can cause an increased heart rate, abnormal behavior, seizures, and even death in rabbits.

Check This: Can Rabbits Drink Tea?

2. Avocado

While healthy for humans, avocado is toxic to rabbits. It contains a fungicidal toxin called persin, which can cause difficulty breathing, abdominal swelling, and heart failure in rabbits.

3. Allium Vegetables

Onionsgarlic, leeks, and other allium vegetables can cause blood disorders in rabbits, leading to weakness and potential heart failure. Even small amounts can be harmful.

4. Rhubarb

Rhubarb is poisonous to rabbits due to its high oxalic acid content, leading to digestive problems, loss of appetite, and more severe conditions.

5. Iceberg Lettuce

Though some leafy greens benefit rabbits, iceberg lettuce is one to avoid. It contains lactucarium, which can lead to harmful digestive issues in rabbits.

See This: What Kind Of Lettuce Can Rabbits Eat?

6. Certain Fruits Seeds/Pits

Small quantities of certain fruits can be a safe treat for rabbits, but all seeds and pits should be removed beforehand.

Apple seeds, for example, contain traces of cyanide. Similarly, the pits of cherries, peachesplums, and apricots can pose a choking hazard and contain harmful toxins.

7. Dairy and Meat Products

Rabbits are strict herbivores, meaning their diet should consist entirely of plant-based foods.

Dairy products like milk, cheese, yogurt, and all types of meat should be strictly avoided.

Their digestive systems cannot process these foods, leading to potential digestive problems.

8. Nuts and Seeds

Nuts and seeds are not suitable for rabbits. They are high in fat and can lead to obesity and other health issues. Plus, their hard texture can be a choking hazard.

9. Sugary and Processed Foods

Avoid feeding your rabbit human treats like cookies, candies, chips, or processed foods. These foods are high in sugar and salt and lack the necessary nutrients a rabbit needs.

Also, they can lead to obesity, dental problems, and severe digestive issues.


Here are some frequently asked questions.

Can Rabbits Eat Cheese Bread?

Rabbits should not eat cheese bread.

Cheese and bread are both inappropriate foods for rabbits.

Cheese is a dairy product, which rabbits cannot digest properly, and bread is low in fiber and can cause digestive issues.

Can Rabbits Eat Cheese Crackers?

Rabbits should not eat cheese crackers.

Like cheese bread, cheese crackers contain dairy and are high in carbohydrates and low in fiber, making them unsuitable for a rabbit’s diet.

Can Bunnies Eat Cheese Balls?

Bunnies should not eat cheese balls.

Some cheese balls contain dairy, and rabbits lack the necessary enzymes to break down dairy.

How Much Cheese Will Kill a Rabbit?

There isn’t a specific amount of cheese that will kill a rabbit.

The issue is that cheese can cause serious digestive problems in rabbits, even in small amounts.

Regular consumption of cheese can lead to obesity and other health problems.

In extreme cases, it could lead to GI stasis, a potentially life-threatening condition. As such, it’s best to avoid feeding rabbits cheese.


Cheese is not suitable for rabbits due to its lactose content and lack of essential nutrients.

A rabbit’s diet should primarily consist of hay, supplemented with fresh vegetables and a small amount of fruit.

We hope this article helped you know if rabbits can eat cheese. If you have further questions, comment below, and we will answer them.

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