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Can Rabbits Vomit?

Do you want to know if rabbits vomit or why they throw up clear liquid?

Vomiting is a common bodily function observed in many animals, including humans, serving as a defense mechanism or response to various digestive issues. Yet, when it comes to rabbits, the case is different.

In this article, we will discuss the anatomy of a rabbit’s digestive system, why rabbits cannot vomit, signs of digestive issues in rabbits, and ways to prevent these issues.

Can Rabbits Vomit?

No, rabbits physically cannot vomit.

Rabbits are unique in their anatomy and activities, from how they react to threats and communicate to their adaptation to colder seasons like winter.

Unlike many other animals, including humans, rabbits have an anatomy that prevents them from vomiting.

While this might seem strange, understanding the rabbit’s digestive system gives a clearer insight into this phenomenon.

Anatomy of a Rabbit’s Digestive System

The anatomy of a rabbit’s digestive system is unique.

Food travels down the esophagus from the mouth into a specially-adapted stomach before progressing through the small intestine, cecum, and colon.

The rabbit’s stomach is strong, muscular, and designed to be constantly filled with food.

In rabbits, the lower esophageal sphincter (the muscle ring separating the esophagus and the stomach) is exceptionally robust.

This sphincter is so muscular that it is virtually a one-way valve, allowing food into the stomach but not back up, thus physically preventing the rabbit from vomiting.

Rabbit Digestive System
Diagram Of The Rabbit’s Digestive System

Rabbit’s Digestive System Functionality

In addition to their unique anatomical structure, how a rabbit’s digestive system functions is critical to understanding why they cannot vomit.

Rabbits are obligate herbivores, which means they have a specialized digestive system designed to handle a diet exclusively of plant materials.

Their digestive process involves a dual-phase system consisting of digestion and fermentation.

The digestion phase begins in the stomach, where food is mixed with acid and enzymes to break down food particles.

The partly digested food then moves into the small intestine, where nutrients are absorbed.

The leftover indigestible fiber enters the cecum, a sizeable pouch-like structure, for the fermentation phase.

The cecum houses many beneficial bacteria and yeast that help ferment the fiber, converting it into volatile fatty acids and vitamins essential to the rabbit’s health.

Why Rabbits Cannot Vomit

As we have established, rabbits physically cannot vomit due to their unique digestive system structure and function.

Rabbits cannot vomit because the muscular lower esophageal sphincter prevents any backward movement of food or gastric fluids, a process known as regurgitation.

Furthermore, their highly efficient digestive process is designed to ensure food moves in one direction only.

The constant flow of material into the cecum for fermentation discourages any backward movement.

Signs of Digestive Issues in Rabbits

Despite the efficiency of their digestive systems, rabbits can still suffer from various digestive issues. It’s crucial for you as rabbit owners to be aware of these signs:

1. Gastrointestinal Stasis

Gastrointestinal stasis (GI stasis) is a common and serious condition in rabbits. It’s essentially a slowdown of the digestive system, which can lead to a buildup of harmful bacteria in the gut.

Symptoms include reduced appetite, small or no fecal pellets, and lethargy.

2. Diarrhea

Diarrhea in rabbits is another serious condition. It can occur when the balance of bacteria in the cecum is disrupted, usually by a diet too high in carbohydrates and too low in fiber.

Symptoms include watery stools, loss of appetite, and dehydration.

Preventing Digestive Issues in Rabbits

Fortunately, there are ways to prevent these digestive issues in rabbits:

1. Dietary Considerations

Most of a rabbit’s diet should be hay, which provides the necessary fiber for fermentation.

Fresh greens and a small number of high-quality pellets should also be included.

Avoid high-carbohydrate, sugary foods as these can disrupt the bacterial balance in the cecum.

2. Hydration

Ensure your rabbit always has access to fresh, clean water.

Hydration is crucial for a healthy digestive system, helping to keep food moving through the gut.

3. Exercise

Regular exercise is also essential for rabbits.

It aids in moving food through the digestive system and helps prevent obesity, which can contribute to digestive problems.


Here are some frequently asked questions.

Do Rabbits Regurgitate?

No, rabbits do not regurgitate. Unlike some animals (like cats), rabbits have a one-way digestive system which means they are physically incapable of regurgitating.

Their stomach muscles and the valve between their stomach and esophagus are not designed to allow food to return.

Why Is My Throwing Up Clear Liquid?

As previously mentioned, rabbits are physically unable to vomit. If you think your rabbit is vomiting, it may be something else, like drooling or producing excessive saliva.

This could indicate a problem such as dental disease or gastrointestinal issues. If you observe such symptoms, you should seek immediate veterinary care.

Can Rabbits Have Diarrhea?

Yes, rabbits can have diarrhea.

It can be a sign of serious illness and needs immediate veterinary attention.

If your rabbit has diarrhea, it could be due to a sudden change in diet, stress, or infection.

What Animals Can’t Throw Up?

Rabbits, rats, mice, horses, and guinea pigs are animals that can’t vomit.

This is due to various physiological factors, such as the strength of the valve between the esophagus and the stomach and the angle at which the esophagus connects to the stomach.

What Does It Mean If a Rabbit Throws Up?

Again, rabbits can’t throw up, so if you see your rabbit doing something that resembles vomiting, it could be a sign of a severe health problem such as gastrointestinal stasis, dental disease, or a respiratory infection.

Any sign of illness in a rabbit should be taken seriously.


Rabbits cannot vomit due to their digestive systems’ unique structure and functionality.

As rabbit owners, it’s essential to be aware of the signs of common digestive issues, like GI stasis and diarrhea, and take steps to prevent them, including proper diet, hydration, and exercise.

Understanding the intricacies of your rabbit’s digestive health can ensure a happy, healthy life for your bunny.

We hope this article helped you know if rabbits can vomit. If you have any questions, comment below, and we will answer them.


1. Horn, C. C., Kimball, B. A., Wang, H., Kaus, J., Dienel, S., Nagy, A., Gathright, G. R., Yates, B. J., & R. Andrews, P. L. (2013). Why Can’t Rodents Vomit? A Comparative Behavioral, Anatomical, and Physiological Study. PLoS ONE, 8(4).

2. Muller Botha, G. S. (1958). Histological observations on the gastro-oesophageal junction in the rabbit. Journal of Anatomy, 92(Pt 3), 441-446.


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