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Type 2 Diabetes Signs, Symptoms And Treatment

Being diagnosed with a condition like Diabetes Mellitus “DM” is not a death sentence. However, it is a medical condition, with an extended-lasting impact.

Diabetes negatively impacts the human body by interfering with the natural process responsible for turning edibles (food) into energy.

Once the conversion is complete, the human body distributes the glucose byproduct to various cells via the bloodstream. The pancreas, a digestive system organ is called upon to release natural insulin into the human cells to boost energy levels.

Diabetes Causes Explained

Diabetes is caused by several factors, which may be a bit confusing for people who have just been handed their health condition by a licensed physician. Diabetes is a medical condition associated with the following health factors:

  • The human body does not create sufficient insulin
  • The human body cannot utilize its insulin in a manner to naturally control blood glucose (sugar) levels
  • Liver, muscle, and fat are resistant to the body’s natural insulin
  • Higher than normal blood glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream due to the cells not responding to your body’s natural insulin

Diabetes Type II Primary Cause

Diabetes Type II is mostly caused by the body’s inability to properly utilize natural insulin. This natural inability leads to fluctuating blood glucose (sugar) levels.

Contrary to belief, diabetes Type II does not occur overnight. In fact, evidence shows the health condition gradually occurs over time, years in many cases. This is why the diabetes Type II diagnosis is more often handed down to middle-aged or older adults.

Now, this is not to say, young adults, adolescents, and children are not at risk. It is just saying, most new Type II diabetes are at least 45 years of age or older.

People who are not aware of their medical condition oftentimes are not asymptomatic or 100 percent free of diabetes Type 2 symptoms. These diabetics exhibit symptoms that are completely ignored.

It is also not unusual for unaware diabetics to contribute abnormal symptoms to another condition, such as skipping meals or overeating.

Diabetes Type II Most Common Symptoms You Should Know

People with a family history of diabetes should be on the lookout for the common symptoms and signs. Ignoring these symptoms will put you at risk of secondary illnesses, such as loss of vision and renal (kidney) disease, as well as cardiac (heart) disease.

It is important to note, the onset of diabetes Type II symptoms will vary from one individual to another. A major mistake people make when it comes to this health condition is believing they are free of diabetes because they did not exhibit all the common symptoms.

The most commonly reported symptoms linked to Type 2 diabetes include the following:

  • Vision becomes blurry (visibility becomes hazy or cloudy)
  • Decreased weight without dietary alterations (does not apply to people who are dieting)
  • Upper and lower extremities (tips of toes and tips of fingers) begin to tingle and eventually numb
  • Mild to moderate weakness, with or without physical activities
  • Unexplained skin dryness and itchiness (may not apply to people with excessively dry skin, eczema, and psoriasis)
  • Feeling the need to ingest food constantly or intermittently (hunger symptoms may cause overeating without actually feeling full)
  • Feeling the need to consume water or other beverages constantly or intermittently
  • Feeling the need to frequently pee or urinate

Diabetes Type II Treatment Options

As mentioned above, a diabetes diagnosis is not a life sentence. Millions of diabetics are able to control their diseases by altering their lifestyles. Of course, some diabetics will need to take prescription medication to control their blood glucose (sugar) levels.

However, diabetes medication will only go so far as to manage the volume of sugar in your blood without healthy lifestyle decisions. There is no doubt, some people are hesitant to heed their physician’s diabetes advice.

These individuals, for whatever reason, refuse to eat more healthily, get more physical activity, and take their diabetes medications per their doctors’ prescription.

  1. Avoiding Diabetes Type II Complications With Dietary Alterations – Switching up your daily diet is a great place to start altering your lifestyle.Altering your diet does not need to be drastic. However, it does need to be addressed immediately upon a diabetes diagnosis. Switch from high-sugar food to fruit (berries, citrus oranges, lime, & grapefruit, bananas, and mangos).

    Switch from fatty food to omega-3-enriched fish (cod, sardines, tuna, haddock, and salmon). Lean chicken breast, shrimp, nuts, and whole grains should also be included in your new diabetes Type II diet.

  2. Switch From Sitting On The Sofa To Walking Around The Block – To achieve optimal blood glucose (sugar), you must stop being a sofa potato or sitting on the sofa too long.Instead, you should take a short stroll around your neighborhood, go for a lap around the pool, ride a stationary bicycle, or play tennis with your friends or family members. Sitting on the sofa too long is the worse thing you could do for your medical condition.

    This is where some diabetes Type II patients go wrong, they refuse to give up their sofa time and start exercising more.

  3. Diabetes Prescription Medications – Insulin is one of the most commonly prescribed diabetic medications. Your doctor will assess your blood glucose (sugar) levels over a period of time to determine the best diabetic medication for your condition.There is a broad range of injectable Canadian insulin medications. It is important to be aware of your injectable insulin medication options. If you have questions, regarding your prescription insulin, do not hesitate to reach out to your primary care physician.

New Diabetes Type II Injectable Insulin Information

Your physician will consult with you about your insulin medication options:

  • Apidra(Insulin glulisine)
  • Novolog (Insulin aspart)
  • Humalog (Insulin lispro U-100/U-200
  • Levemir (Insulin detemir)
  • Novolin R or Humulin R (regular “R” insulin)
  • Novolin N or Humulin N (NPH insulin)
  • Basaglar or Lantus (Insulin U-100)
  • Toujeo (Insulin glargine U-300)
  • 70/30 pre-mixed insulin
  • 50/50 pre-mixed insulin
  • Tresiba (Insulin degludec U-100 U-200)
  • Humalog 75/25 pre-mixed insulin
  • Novolog 70/30 pre-mixed insulin


Prescription insulin plays a major role in the lives of individuals with type II diabetes. When administered per the prescribing physician, you can easily control your blood sugar (glucose) levels better.

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