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What To Put On Bottom Of Rabbit Cage?

Are you looking for what to put at the bottom of a rabbit cage for peeing, feces, or other purposes?

With comfort, hygiene, and the rabbit’s health at the forefront, making the right choice can make all the difference in your rabbit’s life.

In this article, we will guide you through this important decision as we’ve discussed rabbit cage flooring in detail.

What To Put On The Bottom Of Rabbit Cage?

The answer lies in understanding the unique needs of your rabbit.

Various materials can be used, including fleece, hay, bedding pellets, and more.

Each of these options has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, which we’ll discuss in the following sections.

For most of the units on our farm, we use hay and straw.

The deal is to ensure these materials align with our rabbit’s comfort and health needs.

Rabbits are creatures that thrive when they are comfortable. Different materials might affect their comfort in varying ways.

For example, soft materials that mimic their natural habitat might be more appealing, while harsh or rough surfaces might cause discomfort.

It’s about creating a homely atmosphere where your rabbit feels safe and cozy.

Options for Cage Bottoms

Let’s delve into the options available for the bottom of a rabbit cage. Again, these choices must be made carefully, considering your bunny’s comfort and health needs.

1. Fleece and Fabrics


Comfort: Fleece and fabrics offer a soft and gentle surface for rabbits to lie on, resembling a nurturing environment.

Warmth: They provide insulation during colder months, keeping your rabbit warm and cozy.

Customization: Various colors and patterns allow you to personalize the cage’s look.


Chewing Risk: Some rabbits might chew fabric, leading to ingestion risks. Monitoring is essential.

Maintenance: Regular washing and inspection for damage are required to keep the material in good condition.

How to Maintain and Clean:

Daily Inspection: Check for signs of chewing or soiling.

Regular Washing: Use rabbit-safe detergents to wash the fabric as needed.

Replacement: Have backups ready in case of wear and tear.

2. Paper-Based Beddings


Composition: Made from recycled paper, often processed to be dust-free.

Absorbency: Highly absorbent, keeping the cage dry.

Biodegradable: Environmentally friendly option.


Health Considerations: Select brands that are free from chemicals and dyes.

Comfort Considerations: Choose types that provide softness without being too dusty.

3. Straw and Hay


Straw: Often used for bedding but may be less comfortable.

Hay: More nutritious and appealing to rabbits but can be more costly.

Comfort Considerations:

Texture: Hay is generally softer than straw, making it more suitable for bedding.

Feeding Option: Hay can double as a food source, but quality must be maintained.

Potential Health Considerations:

Mold Growth: Must be kept dry to prevent mold and fungal growth.

Allergies: Some rabbits might be allergic to certain types of hay or straw.

4. Solid Flooring with Litter Boxes


Solid Flooring: Can be made from materials like wood or plastic, designed to be smooth and comfortable.

Litter Boxes: Designated areas filled with rabbit-safe litter material for urination and defecation.

Pros and Cons:

Ease of Cleaning: Solid floors can be wiped clean, while litter boxes can be changed.

Comfort: Choosing a suitable solid material is vital to ensuring comfort.

Integration: Careful design is needed to integrate litter boxes without taking up too much space.

Hygiene Considerations

Hygiene is a fundamental aspect of ensuring your rabbit’s health and well-being.

Keeping the cage clean not only contributes to a pleasant living environment but also prevents potential health problems.

Here’s a closer look at hygiene considerations when selecting the material for the bottom of a rabbit cage:

1. Importance of Cleanliness

Rabbits are naturally clean animals, and maintaining hygiene in their living space is paramount.

A clean cage reflects your rabbit’s overall health and provides them with a comfortable and disease-free environment.

Tips for Maintaining Hygiene

1. Daily Cleaning: Regularly removing waste and soiled bedding helps prevent the buildup of harmful bacteria and odors. It’s essential to replace any wet or dirty material daily to keep the cage fresh and inviting.

2. Weekly Deep Cleaning: A thorough cage cleaning, including washing and disinfecting, should be performed weekly. This ensures that no hidden grime accumulates and your rabbit’s home remains sanitary.

3. Selecting the Right Materials: Choosing cage bottom materials that are easy to clean, such as fleece or solid flooring, can simplify maintenance. Absorbent materials like paper-based beddings can also help in managing waste effectively.

4. Monitoring for Pests: Regularly inspecting the cage for signs of pests, such as mites or flies, helps in early detection and control. Any infestation can quickly become a severe health concern.

5. Proper Ventilation: Good airflow keeps the cage dry and odor-free. Positioning the cage away from damp areas and ensuring sufficient ventilation will assist in maintaining hygiene.

6. Use of Safe Cleaning Products: When cleaning, it’s essential to use rabbit-safe cleaning products. Chemicals and harsh detergents can harm your rabbit, so selecting natural or vet-approved cleaners is recommended.

7. Litter Training: If possible, litter training your rabbit can help confine waste to a specific area, making cleaning more manageable. Using a litter box with appropriate litter material can aid in maintaining hygiene without compromising comfort.

8. Observation: Keeping a close eye on your rabbit’s habits and preferences will allow you to adapt your hygiene practices accordingly. Noticing changes in behavior or toilet habits can be an early sign of health issues.

Health Implications of Poor Hygiene

A lack of cleanliness can lead to several health problems, including:

1. Respiratory Issues: Dusty or moldy bedding can cause respiratory distress.

2. Skin Problems: Wet or dirty bedding can lead to skin infections or irritation.

3. Digestive Disorders: Contaminated food or bedding can lead to gastrointestinal issues.

Health Considerations

The health of your rabbit is undoubtedly a top priority.

Here’s an extensive look at the health considerations you should consider when setting up the cage’s bottom, focusing on avoiding harmful materials.

Why Avoiding Harmful Materials Is Crucial

Rabbits have sensitive respiratory and digestive systems, making them more susceptible to adverse reactions from toxic materials.

Identifying and eliminating harmful substances from the cage can prevent illnesses and discomfort.

Materials to Avoid

1. Cedar and Pine Shavings: Although commonly used in pet bedding, cedar and pine shavings contain phenols, which can cause liver and respiratory issues in rabbits.

2. Clumping Cat Litter: This type of litter can be fatal if ingested by rabbits. It clumps together when wet and can cause blockages in the digestive system.

3. Scented Beddings: Materials with added fragrances can irritate a rabbit’s respiratory system. Opt for unscented, natural options instead.

4. Chemically Treated Fabrics: Fabrics treated with flame retardants or other chemicals can pose risks if chewed or ingested.

5. Glues and Adhesives: If constructing a custom cage or accessories, avoid using glues or adhesives that might be toxic.

6. Plastic Materials: Some plastics can be chewed and ingested, leading to gastrointestinal problems. If using plastic, ensure it’s hard and not easily chewable.

7. Wire Flooring: While not a material in the traditional sense, wire flooring can harm rabbits’ feet, leading to sore hocks. Solid flooring with appropriate bedding is a safer choice.

How to Recognize Safe Materials

1. Read Labels: Look for products labeled safe for rabbits or small animals. If in doubt, consult with a veterinarian.

2. Opt for Natural, Untreated Materials: Choosing untreated wood, fabrics without chemical coatings, or paper-based bedding designed for small animals can reduce risks.

3. Research Brands: Some brands specialize in rabbit-safe products. Familiarizing yourself with these can help you make informed choices.

4. Consult with Professionals: Veterinarians and rabbit experts can provide personalized recommendations based on your rabbit’s specific needs and sensitivities.

Considerations for DIY Solutions

If you’re considering crafting your own cage bottom or accessories, it’s vital to:

1. Avoid Toxic Paints or Finishes: Choose products specifically deemed non-toxic for animals when painting or finishing wood.

2. Monitor for Wear and Tear: Regularly inspect DIY items for signs of damage that might expose harmful substances.

Practical Tips and DIY Solutions

Creating a comfortable, safe, and appealing environment for your rabbit involves both buying the right products and possibly crafting some items yourself.

This mix of off-the-shelf and DIY solutions allows customization to suit your rabbit’s unique needs.

Here’s a look at practical tips and DIY solutions for setting up the bottom of a rabbit cage:

Tips for Setting Up the Cage Bottom

1. Understand Your Rabbit’s Preferences: Each rabbit has individual preferences for comfort and texture. Observe your rabbit’s behavior to understand what materials and arrangements they prefer.

2. Use Safe Materials: Go for materials free from chemicals, fragrances, and other potentially harmful substances. Safety should be the foremost concern.

3. Create a Cozy Space: Consider adding a soft, secluded spot within the cage where your rabbit can retreat for relaxation.

4. Incorporate Play Elements: Adding toys or tunnels can make the cage more engaging for your rabbit. Integrating play with comfort enhances the living space.

5. Plan for Easy Cleaning: Select washable or easily replaceable materials to ensure that maintaining hygiene is convenient.

DIY Solutions for Customizing the Cage

1. Custom Fleece Liners:

Materials Needed: Soft fleece, absorbent layer (such as towels), scissors, sewing machine, or fabric glue.

Instructions: Cut the fleece and absorbent layer to fit the cage. Sew or glue the layers together, leaving the fleece side up—place in the cage and secure as needed.

2. Homemade Paper Bedding:

Materials Needed: Unbleached, unprinted paper, water, blender.

Instructions: Shred the paper and soak it in water. Blend to create a pulp, then press and dry to create absorbent sheets.

3. Solid Wood Flooring with Recessed Litter Box:

Materials Needed: Untreated wood, saw, sandpaper, rabbit-safe sealant, litter box.

Instructions: Cut the wood to fit the cage, with a recess for the litter box. Sand edges to smooth, then seal with a rabbit-safe product. Place in the cage and add a litter box.

4. Straw or Hay Bedding Area:

Materials Needed: Straw or hay, shallow tray or box, scissors.

Instructions: Cut the tray or box to fit the desired area in the cage. Fill with straw or hay, creating a natural bedding space.

5. Integrating Natural Elements:

Materials Needed: Rocks, branches (adequately cleaned and safe for rabbits), and natural grass mats.

Instructions: Arrange these elements to mimic a natural habitat, ensuring everything is secure and free from sharp edges.


Here are some frequently asked questions.

What Do You Put On The Floor Of An Indoor Rabbit Cage?

The flooring of an indoor rabbit cage should provide comfort, cleanliness, and safety.

Materials such as fleece with an absorbent layer, soft fabric, paper-based bedding, or solid flooring with litter boxes are popular choices.

For a natural touch, you can also add straw or hay in certain areas.

What Is The Best Bedding For Rabbits?

The best bedding for rabbits depends on their individual preferences and needs.

However, a combination of soft fleece or fabric with an absorbent layer, along with paper-based bedding or hay in specific areas, tends to be popular.

The idea is to choose materials that are absorbent, comfortable, easy to clean, and free from dust or harmful substances.

Do You Put Bedding In a Rabbit Cage?

Yes, bedding is typically placed in a rabbit cage to provide comfort, absorb moisture, and encourage natural behaviors.

Bedding materials should be selected considering the rabbit’s comfort, hygiene, and health.

Proper bedding ensures the rabbit has a soft surface to rest on and helps manage waste.

What Can I Put In My Rabbit Cage For Peeing?

Utilizing a litter box filled with a safe, absorbent material would be an excellent choice for managing urination in a rabbit cage.

Paper-based litters, untreated wood pellets, or specialized rabbit litters are suitable choices.

Placing hay or a hay rack above the litter box can encourage rabbits to use it, as rabbits often eat and urinate simultaneously.


Selecting suitable materials for the bottom of your rabbit’s cage is a multi-faceted decision that requires careful consideration.

From comfort to hygiene to health, every aspect must be meticulously examined.

Remember, the cage is your rabbit’s home, and creating a space that caters to their specific needs and preferences is an act of love and empathy.

By following the guidance in this article, you are on the path to responsible and empathetic care for your rabbit’s well-being.

We hope this article helped you know what to put at the bottom of a rabbit cage. If you have any questions, comment below, and we will answer them.

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  1. Help! I took in an 8 wk old bunny (mom & dad got too prolific in a short period of time!). Stuart is now 31/2 mo. He is in a large dog crate with heavy cardboard bottom and a bit around the sides. Using soft pellets for bedding, very absorbent, etc. I put a litter box underneath his food/alfalfa feeder. He has a staw house. He seems to pee outside the house and poops EVERYWHERE. I’m 76 just had back surgery and can’t be down on the floor every day trying to scoop out this huge cage!!.
    1. What to use for a flooring that’s easy to clean
    2. How to train this little toad to use the litter box!!!!! Guess if that was question #1, the rest would be easier THANK YOU !

    • Hello,

      The Cage should be placed high above the floor level. It should be elevated up to your waist level. With this, you won’t have to bend each time you want to clean the pen.

      I hope this helps.

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