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How Do Rabbits Communicate?

Do you want to know how rabbits communicate with each other, their babies, or with humans?

Rabbits may not meow, bark, or speak as we do, but guess what? They’ve got their own way of communicating. It’s like their very own language! Humans must learn these rabbits’ unique language to communicate effectively with them or, at the very least, comprehend their behavior.

In this article, we will let you know how rabbits communicate, as this helps ensure you’re meeting their needs and can deepen your bond with your bunny.

How Do Rabbits Communicate?

Rabbits communicate in various ways, employing a combination of vocal signals, body language, scent marking, and chemical signals.

This complex communication system allows them to express fear, contentment, anger, and many other emotions.

If you understand these unique aspects of rabbit communication, you can improve your relationship with your pet, helping you respond appropriately to their needs and fostering a happier, healthier bunny.

Vocal Communication

One of the ways rabbits communicate is through vocal sounds, although they are typically much quieter than many other pets.

Common rabbit vocalizations include:

  • Purring: A rabbit may produce a soft purring sound when they’re content, usually when being gently stroked.
  • Thumping: Rabbits will thump or stomp their hind legs to warn others of danger.
  • Whining or Whimpering: These sounds can indicate your rabbit is unhappy or frustrated.
  • Growling or Hissing: These are usually signs of an angry or threatened rabbit.

Listening and observing your rabbit over time will help you recognize and understand these vocal signals and respond appropriately to their needs.

Body Language

In addition to vocal sounds, rabbits communicate with various body language signals.

This includes:

  • Nose Nuzzling and Licking: This is a sign of affection from your rabbit, akin to a human hug or kiss.
  • Ears: A rabbit’s ears are a primary communication tool. If they’re standing straight up, your rabbit is alert and listening. Laid-back ears indicate a relaxed rabbit, while ears flattened against the back often suggest a scared or angry rabbit.
  • Positioning: If your rabbit is stretched out with their legs behind them, they feel relaxed and comfortable. A rabbit standing on its hind legs shows curiosity, while a hunched or tucked position can suggest they feel unwell or scared.

Scent Marking

Rabbits also use scent marking as a method of communication.

They have scent glands under their chins and around their anal area, which they use to mark their territory or items they consider theirs.

If your rabbit rubs their chin on you or objects around your home, this is a form of scent marking, often a sign of claiming ownership.

Also, rabbits use a variety of olfactory signals to communicate reproductive information.


Here are some frequently asked questions with regard to bunny communications.

How Do Rabbits Communicate With Their Babies?

Rabbits can communicate with their babies through a chemical signal where a mother rabbit produces a pheromone (mammary pheromone 2-methyl-but-2-enal (2MB2)) to attract and stimulate suckling behavior in their offspring.

What Sounds Do Rabbits Use To Communicate?

Rabbits use a variety of sounds to communicate, including purring, thumping, whining, whimpering, growling, and hissing.

Each sound has a different meaning and can indicate contentment, fear, frustration, anger, or a warning.

Do Rabbits Communicate With Body Language?

Yes, rabbits use various body language signals to express their emotions. These include nose nuzzling, licking, ear positioning, and various body postures.

How Do Rabbits Show Affection?

Rabbits show affection through nose nuzzling, licking, and cuddling up to their owners or fellow rabbits.

They may also mark their favorite humans with their scent glands as a sign of claiming them as part of their territory.

What Are Some Common Rabbit Communication Behaviors?

Common rabbit communication behaviors include purring when content, thumping their hind legs when they sense danger, whining or whimpering when frustrated, growling or hissing when threatened, using various body postures to show their emotions, and scent marking to claim territory.

Can Rabbits Understand Human Language?

Rabbits may not understand human language like dogs or cats, but they can learn to associate specific words or tones of voice with certain actions or outcomes.

For example, they may understand a stern voice as a sign of disapproval or associate the word “treat” with receiving a snack.

Do Rabbits Communicate Differently With Other Animals?

Yes, rabbits’ communication methods can differ based on the species they interact with.

While they may use scent marking, thumping, and specific body language signals with other rabbits, they may rely more on body language and vocal signals to communicate with different species, including humans.


If you recognize the signs of rabbits’ vocal communication, body language, and scent marking, you can understand their needs better and strengthen your bond.

Every rabbit is unique and may communicate slightly differently. Please pay close attention to your rabbit’s specific behaviors to learn their individual communication style.

With time and patience, you can become fluent in the language of rabbits!

We hope this article helped you know how rabbits communicate. If you have questions, comment below, and we will answer them.


1. Melo, A. I., & González-Mariscal, G. (2010). Communication by Olfactory Signals in Rabbits: Its Role in Reproduction. Vitamins & Hormones, 83, 351-371.

2. Wyatt, T. D. (2015). How animals communicate via pheromones: human behaviors are probably influenced by invisible smell signals, just like all other animals. American Scientist, 103(2), 114-122.

3. Coureaud, G., Charra, R., Datiche, F., Sinding, C., Thomas-Danguin, T., Languille, S., Hars, B., & Schaal, B. (2010). A pheromone to behave, a pheromone to learn: the rabbit mammary pheromone. Journal of comparative physiology. A, Neuroethology, sensory, neural, and behavioral physiology, 196(10), 779–790.

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